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This java applet is a quantum mechanics simulation that shows the behavior of a particle in a two dimensional circular square well.

At the top of the screen, you will see a cross section of the potential well, with the energy levels indicated as gray lines.

In the center of the applet, you will see the probability distribution of the particle's position. The color indicates the phase. At the bottom of the screen is a set of phasors showing the magnitude and phase of some of the possible states.

You may select a single state by picking one of the phasors at the bottom and double-clicking on it. Or, you may click on the phasor and drag its value to modify the magnitude and phase. In this way, you can create a combination of states. When you move the mouse over a state, it is highlighted in yellow, and other states with the same energy are also highlighted.

You may create a gaussian wave packet by clicking and dragging on the position graph.

Between each graph is a horizontal line which may be dragged up and down to adjust the size of each graph.

The **Mouse Popup** determines what happens when the mouse is
clicked. The choices are:

**Create Gaussian**: this allows you to create a gaussian distribution on either the position or momentum graph. Click on the graph to locate the center of the gaussian. After clicking, drag the mouse to select the size of the distribution.**Gaussian w/ Momentum**: this allows you to create a gaussian distribution on the position graph, with some initial momentum. Click on the graph to locate the center of the gaussian. The size of the gaussian will be the same size as the last time you used**Create Gaussian**. After clicking, drag the mouse to select the initial momentum. Note that if you drag too far, the gaussian may not be formed properly.**Rotate Function**: this allows you to rotate the wave function with the mouse. This changes the state of the particle to a new state which is at a different orientation.

The **Clear** button clears out all states.

The **Normalize** button normalizes the set of particle
states. (By default, the states are not shown normalized because the
interface is easier to use if they are not. They are normalized internally
when calculating the wave functions, however.)

The **Maximize** button changes the magnitude of the
particle states so that they are all as large as possible. This makes
them easier to see. (It won't change the wave function at all
because the states are normalized internally.)

The **Ground State** button selects the ground state wave function.

The **Stopped** checkbox stops the evolution of the wave function.

The **Simulation Speed** slider changes the speed of the wave
function evolution.

The **Brightness** slider controls the brightness, just like on a
TV set.

The **Resolution** slider changes the resolution of the applet.

The **Momentum Zoom** slider allows you to zoom in on the momentum
graph to get a better view of the central portion.

The **View Menu** has the following items:

**Energy**: show the energy/potential graph (on by default)**Position**: show the position graph (can't be turned off)**Linear Momentum**: show the linear momentum graph**Angular Momentum**: show the angular momentum graph.**State Phasors**: show the set of state phasors (on by default)**Expectation Values**: show expectation values as red lines**Uncertainties**: show uncertainties as blue lines to the left and right of the expectation value. The distance from the blue lines to the red line is the uncertainty.**Wave Function**: display the wave function in one of three ways: as a probability (magnitude squared), as a probability with the phase shown using colors, or as a magnitude with the phase shown using colors.

The **Measure Menu** has the following items:

**Measure Energy**: take a measurement of the energy by picking a random set of states with the same energy (using the state coefficients to determine probability) and putting the particle in those states.**Measure Angular Momentum**: take a measurement of the angular momentum, picking a random set of states with the same m (using the state coefficients to determine probability) and putting the particle in those states.

The **Options Menu** has the following items:

**Always Normalize**: always normalize the state coefficients.**Always Maximize**: always maximize the state coefficients.If neither one of these items is selected, then the applet will maximize the state coefficients whenever major changes are made, and leave them alone otherwise.

If you like this applet you may be interested in the book Visual Quantum Mechanics.

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